CAKE is a term with a long history (the word is of Viking origin, from the Old Norse kaka) and denotes a baked flour confection sweetened with sugar or honey; it is mixed with eggs and often, but not invariably, with milk and fat; and it has a porous texture from the mixture rising during cooking. It is not surprising that the frontiers between CAKE and bread, biscuit and bun are indistinct. The progenitor of all is bread in its simplest form. As techniques for baking and leavening developed, and eating patterns changed, what were originally regarded as froms of bread came to be seen as categories of their own and named accordingly. Certain Roman breads, enriched with eggs and butter, must have achieved a CAKElike consistency and thus approached one of these indistinct frontiers.
Europe and places such as North America where European influence is strong have always been the center of CAKEs. One might even draw a line more tightly, fourn English-speaking areas. No other language has a word that means exactly the same as the English 'CAKE.' The continental European gateau and torte often contain higher proportions of butter, eggs and enriching ingredients such as chocolate, and often lean towaars pastry rathern than CAKE. Central and East European items such as baba and the Easter kulich are likewise different.
Last edited by Dook; 08-14-2009 at 01:12 AM.